libreboot

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commit 981650d285e69708db8da3ecb95c857544a4224b
parent 3e12d501a413fa4c0fd534fd6a1f4cc3b398e520
Author: Leah Rowe <info@minifree.org>
Date:   Fri, 14 Oct 2016 16:42:07 +0100

Add guides for installing FreeBSD and NetBSD on a libon a libreboot systemm

Diffstat:
docs/bsd/freebsd.html | 290+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
docs/bsd/netbsd.html | 301+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
docs/bsd/openbsd.html | 16++++++++++++++++
docs/gnulinux/grub_boot_installer.html | 18+++++++++++++++++-
docs/index.html | 3++-
5 files changed, 626 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/docs/bsd/freebsd.html b/docs/bsd/freebsd.html @@ -0,0 +1,290 @@ +<!DOCTYPE html> +<html> +<head> + <meta charset="utf-8"> + <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1"> + + <style type="text/css"> + @import url('../css/main.css'); + </style> + + <title>How to install FreeBSD on a libreboot system</title> +</head> + +<body> + <div id="pagetop" class="section"> + <h1>How to install FreeBSD on a libreboot system</h1> + <p> + This section relates to preparing, booting and installing + OpenBSD on your libreboot system, using nothing more than a USB flash drive (and <i>dd</i>). They've only been tested on a Lenovo ThinkPad x200. + </p> + <p> + It is expected that you use text mode in libreboot (txtmode images), + for the early boot process in FreeBSD. + <strong>Booting the installer results in a red flickering text display, + and doesn't boot.</strong> + </p> + <p> + Thanks go to ioxcide in <a href="https://www.reddit.com/r/BSD/comments/53jt70/libreboot_and_bsds/">this Reddit post</a> + for the initial instructions. + </p> + <p> + TODO: test FreeBSD more extensively, and make sure it works (and fix it if it does not). + Instructions are provided here, to boot and install FreeBSD but we're + not sure whether it is currently fully compatible with libreboot. + </p> + <ul> + <li><a href="#prepare">Prepare the USB drive (in OpenBSD)</a></li> + <li><a href="#noencryption">Installing FreeBSD without full disk encryption</a></li> + <li><a href="#encryption">Installing FreeBSD with full disk encryption</a></li> + <li><a href="#booting">Booting</a></li> + <li><a href="#configuring_grub">Configuring Grub</a></li> + <li><a href="#troubleshooting">Troubleshooting</a></li> + </ul> + <p> + <a href="index.html">Back to previous index</a> + </p> + </div> + + <div class="section"> + <p> + <b>This section is only for the GRUB payload. For depthcharge (used on CrOS devices in libreboot), instructions + have yet to be written in the libreboot documentation.</b> + </p> + </div> + + <div id="prepare" class="section"> + + <p> + freebsd.img is the installation image for FreeBSD. Adapt + the filename accordingly, for whatever FreeBSD version you use. + </p> + + <h2>Prepare the USB drive (in FreeBSD)</h2> + <p> + <a href="https://www.freebsd.org/doc/handbook/bsdinstall-pre.html">This page</a> + on the FreeBSD website shows how to create a bootable USB drive + for installing FreeBSD. Use the <em>dd</em> on that page. + </p> + + <h2>Prepare the USB drive (in NetBSD)</h2> + <p> + <a href="https://wiki.netbsd.org/tutorials/how_to_install_netbsd_from_an_usb_memory_stick/">This page</a> + on the NetBSD website shows how to create a NetBSD bootable USB drive + from within NetBSD itself. You should use the <em>dd</em> method + documented there; you can use this with any ISO, including + FreeBSD. + </p> + + <h2>Prepare the USB drive (in LibertyBSD or OpenBSD)</h2> + + <p> + If you downloaded your ISO on a LibertyBSD or OpenBSD system, + here is how to create the bootable FreeBSD USB drive: + </p> + + <p> + Connect the USB drive. Check dmesg:<br/> + <b>$ dmesg | tail</b><br/> + + Check to confirm which drive it is, for example, if you think its sd3:<br/> + <b>$ disklabel sd3</b> + </p> + + <p> + Check that it wasn't automatically mounted. If it was, unmount it. For example:<br/> + <b>$ doas umount /dev/sd3i</b><br/> + </p> + + <p> + dmesg told you what device it is. Overwrite the drive, writing the FreeBSD installer to it with dd. For example:<br/> + <b>$ doas dd if=freebsd.img of=/dev/rsdXc bs=1M; sync</b><br/> + </p> + + <p> + You should now be able to boot the installer from your USB drive. Continue reading, for + information about how to do that. + </p> + + <p> + <a href="#pagetop">Back to top of page</a>. + </p> + + <h2>Prepare the USB drive (in GNU/Linux)</h2> + + <p> + If you downloaded your ISO on a GNU/Linux system, + here is how to create the bootable FreeBSD USB drive: + </p> + + <p> + Connect the USB drive. Check dmesg:<br/> + <b>$ dmesg</b><br/> + + Check lsblk to confirm which drive it is:<br/> + <b>$ lsblk</b> + </p> + + <p> + Check that it wasn't automatically mounted. If it was, unmount it. For example:<br/> + <b>$ sudo umount /dev/sdX*</b><br/> + <b># umount /dev/sdX*</b> + </p> + + <p> + dmesg told you what device it is. Overwrite the drive, writing your distro ISO to it with dd. For example:<br/> + <b>$ sudo dd if=freebsd.img of=/dev/sdX bs=8M; sync</b><br/> + <b># dd if=freebsd.img of=/dev/sdX bs=8M; sync</b> + </p> + + <p> + You should now be able to boot the installer from your USB drive. Continue reading, for + information about how to do that. + </p> + + <p> + <a href="#pagetop">Back to top of page</a>. + </p> + + </div> + + + <div id="noencryption" class="section"> + + <h2>Installing OpenBSD without full disk encryption</h2> + + <p> + Press C in GRUB to access the command line: + </p> + <p> + grub&gt; <b>kfreebsd (usb0,gpt3)/boot/kernel/kernel</b><br/> + grub&gt; <b>set FreeBSD.vfs.mountfrom=ufs:/dev/da1p3</b><br/> + grub&gt; <b>boot</b> + </p> + <p> + It will start booting into the FreeBSD installer. Follow the normal process for installing FreeBSD. + </p> + + <p> + <a href="#pagetop">Back to top of page</a>. + </p> + + </div> + + <div id="encryption" class="section"> + + <h2>Installing FreeBSD with full disk encryption</h2> + + <p> + TODO + </p> + + <p> + <a href="#pagetop">Back to top of page</a>. + </p> + + </div> + + <div id="booting" class="section"> + + <h2 id="booting">Booting</h2> + + <p> + TODO + </p> + + <p> + <a href="#pagetop">Back to top of page</a>. + </p> + + </div> + + <div id="configuring_grub" class="section"> + + <h2>Configuring Grub</h2> + + <p> + TODO + </p> + <p> + <a href="#pagetop">Back to top of page</a>. + </p> + + </div> + + <div id="troubleshooting" class="section"> + + <h1>Troubleshooting</h1> + + <p> + Most of these issues occur when using libreboot with coreboot's 'text mode' instead of the coreboot framebuffer. + This mode is useful for booting payloads like memtest86+ which expect text-mode, but for FreeBSD + it can be problematic when they are trying to switch to a framebuffer because it doesn't exist. + </p> + + <p> + In most cases, you should use the vesafb ROM images. Example filename: libreboot_ukdvorak_vesafb.rom. + </p> + + <h2>won't boot...something about file not found</h2> + <p> + Your device names (i.e. usb0, usb1, sd0, sd1, wd0, ahci0, hd0, etc) and numbers may differ. Use TAB completion. + </p> + + <p> + <a href="#pagetop">Back to top of page</a>. + </p> + + </div> + + <div class="section"> + + <p> + Copyright &copy; 2016 Leah Rowe &lt;info@minifree.org&gt;<br/> + Copyright &copy; 2016 Scott Bonds &lt;scott@ggr.com&gt;<br/> + Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document + under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International license + or any later version published by Creative Commons; + + A copy of the license can be found at <a href="../cc-by-sa-4.0.txt">../cc-by-sa-4.0.txt</a> + </p> + + <p> + Updated versions of the license (when available) can be found at + <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/legalcode">https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/legalcode</a> + </p> + + <p> + UNLESS OTHERWISE SEPARATELY UNDERTAKEN BY THE LICENSOR, TO THE + EXTENT POSSIBLE, THE LICENSOR OFFERS THE LICENSED MATERIAL AS-IS + AND AS-AVAILABLE, AND MAKES NO REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES OF + ANY KIND CONCERNING THE LICENSED MATERIAL, WHETHER EXPRESS, + IMPLIED, STATUTORY, OR OTHER. THIS INCLUDES, WITHOUT LIMITATION, + WARRANTIES OF TITLE, MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR + PURPOSE, NON-INFRINGEMENT, ABSENCE OF LATENT OR OTHER DEFECTS, + ACCURACY, OR THE PRESENCE OR ABSENCE OF ERRORS, WHETHER OR NOT + KNOWN OR DISCOVERABLE. WHERE DISCLAIMERS OF WARRANTIES ARE NOT + ALLOWED IN FULL OR IN PART, THIS DISCLAIMER MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU. + </p> + <p> + TO THE EXTENT POSSIBLE, IN NO EVENT WILL THE LICENSOR BE LIABLE + TO YOU ON ANY LEGAL THEORY (INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, + NEGLIGENCE) OR OTHERWISE FOR ANY DIRECT, SPECIAL, INDIRECT, + INCIDENTAL, CONSEQUENTIAL, PUNITIVE, EXEMPLARY, OR OTHER LOSSES, + COSTS, EXPENSES, OR DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF THIS PUBLIC LICENSE OR + USE OF THE LICENSED MATERIAL, EVEN IF THE LICENSOR HAS BEEN + ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH LOSSES, COSTS, EXPENSES, OR + DAMAGES. WHERE A LIMITATION OF LIABILITY IS NOT ALLOWED IN FULL OR + IN PART, THIS LIMITATION MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU. + </p> + <p> + The disclaimer of warranties and limitation of liability provided + above shall be interpreted in a manner that, to the extent + possible, most closely approximates an absolute disclaimer and + waiver of all liability. + </p> + + </div> + +</body> +</html> diff --git a/docs/bsd/netbsd.html b/docs/bsd/netbsd.html @@ -0,0 +1,301 @@ +<!DOCTYPE html> +<html> +<head> + <meta charset="utf-8"> + <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1"> + + <style type="text/css"> + @import url('../css/main.css'); + </style> + + <title>How to install NetBSD on a libreboot system</title> +</head> + +<body> + <div id="pagetop" class="section"> + <h1>How to install NetBSD on a libreboot system</h1> + <p> + This section relates to preparing, booting and installing + NetBSD on your libreboot system, using nothing more than a USB flash drive (and <i>dd</i>). They've only been tested on a librebooted ThinkPad X60. + </p> + <p> + It is expected that you use text mode in libreboot (txtmode images), + for the early boot process in NetBSD. + <strong>Suspend/hibernate is broken, according to at least 1 user.</strong> + </p> + <p> + Thanks go to ioxcide in <a href="https://www.reddit.com/r/BSD/comments/53jt70/libreboot_and_bsds/">this Reddit post</a> + for the initial instructions. + </p> + <ul> + <li><a href="#prepare">Prepare the USB drive (in NetBSD)</a></li> + <li><a href="#noencryption">Installing NetBSD without full disk encryption</a></li> + <li><a href="#encryption">Installing NetBSD with full disk encryption</a></li> + <li><a href="#booting">Booting</a></li> + <li><a href="#configuring_grub">Configuring Grub</a></li> + <li><a href="#troubleshooting">Troubleshooting</a></li> + </ul> + <p> + <a href="index.html">Back to previous index</a> + </p> + </div> + + <div class="section"> + <p> + <b>This section is only for the GRUB payload. For depthcharge (used on CrOS devices in libreboot), instructions + have yet to be written in the libreboot documentation.</b> + </p> + </div> + + <div id="prepare" class="section"> + + <p> + netbsd.iso is the installation image for NetBSD. Adapt + the filename accordingly, for your version of NetBSD. + </p> + + <h2>Prepare the USB drive (in NetBSD)</h2> + <p> + <a href="https://wiki.netbsd.org/tutorials/how_to_install_netbsd_from_an_usb_memory_stick/">This page</a> + on the NetBSD website shows how to create a NetBSD bootable USB drive + from within NetBSD itself. You should use the <em>dd</em> method + documented there. + </p> + + <h2>Prepare the USB drive (in FreeBSD)</h2> + <p> + <a href="https://www.freebsd.org/doc/handbook/bsdinstall-pre.html">This page</a> + on the FreeBSD website shows how to create a bootable USB drive + for installing FreeBSD. Use the <em>dd</em> on that page. You can + also use the same instructions with a NetBSD ISO image. + </p> + + <h2>Prepare the USB drive (in LibertyBSD or NetBSD)</h2> + + <p> + If you downloaded your ISO on a LibertyBSD or NetBSD system, + here is how to create the bootable NetBSD USB drive: + </p> + + <p> + Connect the USB drive. Check dmesg:<br/> + <b>$ dmesg | tail</b><br/> + + Check to confirm which drive it is, for example, if you think its sd3:<br/> + <b>$ disklabel sd3</b> + </p> + + <p> + Check that it wasn't automatically mounted. If it was, unmount it. For example:<br/> + <b>$ doas umount /dev/sd3i</b><br/> + </p> + + <p> + dmesg told you what device it is. Overwrite the drive, writing the NetBSD installer to it with dd. For example:<br/> + <b>$ doas netbsd.iso of=/dev/rsdXc bs=1M; sync</b><br/> + </p> + + <p> + You should now be able to boot the installer from your USB drive. Continue reading, for + information about how to do that. + </p> + + <p> + <a href="#pagetop">Back to top of page</a>. + </p> + + <h2>Prepare the USB drive (in GNU/Linux)</h2> + + <p> + If you downloaded your ISO on a GNU/Linux system, + here is how to create the bootable NetBSD USB drive: + </p> + + <p> + Connect the USB drive. Check dmesg:<br/> + <b>$ dmesg</b><br/> + + Check lsblk to confirm which drive it is:<br/> + <b>$ lsblk</b> + </p> + + <p> + Check that it wasn't automatically mounted. If it was, unmount it. For example:<br/> + <b>$ sudo umount /dev/sdX*</b><br/> + <b># umount /dev/sdX*</b> + </p> + + <p> + dmesg told you what device it is. Overwrite the drive, writing your distro ISO to it with dd. For example:<br/> + <b>$ sudo dd if=install60.fs of=/dev/sdX bs=8M; sync</b><br/> + <b># dd if=netbsd.iso of=/dev/sdX bs=8M; sync</b> + </p> + + <p> + You should now be able to boot the installer from your USB drive. Continue reading, for + information about how to do that. + </p> + + <p> + <a href="#pagetop">Back to top of page</a>. + </p> + + </div> + + + <div id="noencryption" class="section"> + + <h2>Installing NetBSD without full disk encryption</h2> + + <p> + You might have to use an external USB keyboard during the installation. + Press C to access the GRUB terminal. + </p> + <p> + grub&gt; <b>knetbsd -r sd0a (usb0,netbsd1)/netbsd</b><br/> + grub&gt; <b>boot</b> + </p> + <p> + It will start booting into the NetBSD installer. Follow the normal process for installing NetBSD. + </p> + + <p> + <a href="#pagetop">Back to top of page</a>. + </p> + + </div> + + <div id="encryption" class="section"> + + <h2>Installing NetBSD with full disk encryption</h2> + + <p> + TODO + </p> + + <p> + <a href="#pagetop">Back to top of page</a>. + </p> + + </div> + + <div id="booting" class="section"> + + <h2 id="booting">Booting</h2> + + <p> + Press C in GRUB to access the command line: + </p> + <p> + grub&gt; <b>knetbsd -r wd0a (ahci0,netbsd1)/netbsd</b><br/> + grub&gt; <b>boot</b> + </p> + <p> + i NetBSD will start booting. Yay! + </p> + + <p> + <a href="#pagetop">Back to top of page</a>. + </p> + + </div> + + <div id="configuring_grub" class="section"> + + <h2>Configuring Grub</h2> + + <p> + If you don't want to drop to the GRUB command line and type in a command to boot NetBSD every time, you can create a GRUB configuration that's aware of your NetBSD installation and that will automatically be used by libreboot. + </p> + <p> + On your NetBSD root partition, create the <b>/grub</b> directory and add the file <b>libreboot_grub.cfg</b> to it. Inside the <b>libreboot_grub.cfg</b> add these lines: + <p><b> + default=0 + timeout=3 + menuentry "NetBSD" {<br> + &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;knetbsd -r wd0a (ahci0,netbsd1)/netbsd<br> + }<br> + </b></p> + <p>The next time you boot, you'll see the old Grub menu for a few seconds, then you'll see the a new menu with only NetBSD on the list. After 3 seconds NetBSD will boot, or you can hit enter to boot. + <p> + <a href="#pagetop">Back to top of page</a>. + </p> + + </div> + + <div id="troubleshooting" class="section"> + + <h1>Troubleshooting</h1> + + <p> + Most of these issues occur when using libreboot with coreboot's 'text mode' instead of the coreboot framebuffer. + This mode is useful for booting payloads like memtest86+ which expect text-mode, but for NetBSD + it can be problematic when they are trying to switch to a framebuffer because it doesn't exist. + </p> + + <p> + In most cases, you should use the vesafb ROM images. Example filename: libreboot_ukdvorak_vesafb.rom. + </p> + + <h2>won't boot...something about file not found</h2> + <p> + Your device names (i.e. usb0, usb1, sd0, sd1, wd0, ahci0, hd0, etc) and numbers may differ. Use TAB completion. + </p> + + <p> + <a href="#pagetop">Back to top of page</a>. + </p> + + </div> + + <div class="section"> + + <p> + Copyright &copy; 2016 Leah Rowe &lt;info@minifree.org&gt;<br/> + Copyright &copy; 2016 Scott Bonds &lt;scott@ggr.com&gt;<br/> + Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document + under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International license + or any later version published by Creative Commons; + + A copy of the license can be found at <a href="../cc-by-sa-4.0.txt">../cc-by-sa-4.0.txt</a> + </p> + + <p> + Updated versions of the license (when available) can be found at + <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/legalcode">https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/legalcode</a> + </p> + + <p> + UNLESS OTHERWISE SEPARATELY UNDERTAKEN BY THE LICENSOR, TO THE + EXTENT POSSIBLE, THE LICENSOR OFFERS THE LICENSED MATERIAL AS-IS + AND AS-AVAILABLE, AND MAKES NO REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES OF + ANY KIND CONCERNING THE LICENSED MATERIAL, WHETHER EXPRESS, + IMPLIED, STATUTORY, OR OTHER. THIS INCLUDES, WITHOUT LIMITATION, + WARRANTIES OF TITLE, MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR + PURPOSE, NON-INFRINGEMENT, ABSENCE OF LATENT OR OTHER DEFECTS, + ACCURACY, OR THE PRESENCE OR ABSENCE OF ERRORS, WHETHER OR NOT + KNOWN OR DISCOVERABLE. WHERE DISCLAIMERS OF WARRANTIES ARE NOT + ALLOWED IN FULL OR IN PART, THIS DISCLAIMER MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU. + </p> + <p> + TO THE EXTENT POSSIBLE, IN NO EVENT WILL THE LICENSOR BE LIABLE + TO YOU ON ANY LEGAL THEORY (INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, + NEGLIGENCE) OR OTHERWISE FOR ANY DIRECT, SPECIAL, INDIRECT, + INCIDENTAL, CONSEQUENTIAL, PUNITIVE, EXEMPLARY, OR OTHER LOSSES, + COSTS, EXPENSES, OR DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF THIS PUBLIC LICENSE OR + USE OF THE LICENSED MATERIAL, EVEN IF THE LICENSOR HAS BEEN + ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH LOSSES, COSTS, EXPENSES, OR + DAMAGES. WHERE A LIMITATION OF LIABILITY IS NOT ALLOWED IN FULL OR + IN PART, THIS LIMITATION MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU. + </p> + <p> + The disclaimer of warranties and limitation of liability provided + above shall be interpreted in a manner that, to the extent + possible, most closely approximates an absolute disclaimer and + waiver of all liability. + </p> + + </div> + +</body> +</html> diff --git a/docs/bsd/openbsd.html b/docs/bsd/openbsd.html @@ -89,6 +89,22 @@ <a href="#pagetop">Back to top of page</a>. </p> + <h2>Prepare the USB drive (in NetBSD)</h2> + <p> + <a href="https://wiki.netbsd.org/tutorials/how_to_install_netbsd_from_an_usb_memory_stick/">This page</a> + on the NetBSD website shows how to create a NetBSD bootable USB drive + from within NetBSD itself. You should use the <em>dd</em> method + documented there. This will also work with the OpenBSD image. + </p> + + <h2>Prepare the USB drive (in FreeBSD)</h2> + <p> + <a href="https://www.freebsd.org/doc/handbook/bsdinstall-pre.html">This page</a> + on the FreeBSD website shows how to create a bootable USB drive + for installing FreeBSD. Use the <em>dd</em> on that page. You can + also use the same instructions with a OpenBSD ISO image. + </p> + <h2>Prepare the USB drive (in GNU/Linux)</h2> <p> diff --git a/docs/gnulinux/grub_boot_installer.html b/docs/gnulinux/grub_boot_installer.html @@ -76,7 +76,23 @@ <p> <a href="#pagetop">Back to top of page</a>. </p> - + + <h2>Prepare the USB drive (in NetBSD)</h2> + <p> + <a href="https://wiki.netbsd.org/tutorials/how_to_install_netbsd_from_an_usb_memory_stick/">This page</a> + on the NetBSD website shows how to create a NetBSD bootable USB drive + from within NetBSD itself. You should use the <em>dd</em> method + documented there. This will also work with any GNU/Linux ISO image. + </p> + + <h2>Prepare the USB drive (in FreeBSD)</h2> + <p> + <a href="https://www.freebsd.org/doc/handbook/bsdinstall-pre.html">This page</a> + on the FreeBSD website shows how to create a bootable USB drive + for installing FreeBSD. Use the <em>dd</em> on that page. You can + also use the same instructions with any GNU/Linux ISO image.. + </p> + <h2>Prepare the USB drive (in LibertyBSD or OpenBSD)</h2> <p> diff --git a/docs/index.html b/docs/index.html @@ -39,7 +39,8 @@ <p> For BSD, refer to <a href="https://libreboot.org/faq/#bsd">the libreboot FAQ</a>. We wish to merge instructions into the official libreboot documentation, if someone - will provide it. + will provide it. We do have some instructions now for NetBSD, FreeBSD and OpenBSD, + but they are still incomplete. See <a href="bsd/">bsd/</a>. </p> <h1>Installing libreboot</h1>